Aurangabad - Ajanta & Ellora
Rest of India
western gateway is Mumbai,
with a major international airport and harbour. The citys
rise from the dowry of a Portuguese queen to the countrys
foremost sea port, commercial centre and producer of films has
been nothing short of meteoric.Mumbais
Gothic architecture is embodied in the Gateway of India, Mumbai
High Court, Old Secretariat, University Buildings and Victoria
Terminus. Open spaces in this crowded city include Chowpatty
Beach, Juhu Beach and Sanjay Gandhi National Park, the latter
a fine wildlife park at Borivili. Mumbai is the countrys
premier cultural centre. Jehangir Art Gallery attracts regular
art exhibitions; Prithvi Theatre is well known for its theatrical
performances, and the National Centre for Performing Arts periodically
hosts Indian and international concerts of music and dance.
The citys shopping embraces informal fashion and accessories
at Colaba Causeway, antiques and clever reproductions
of antiques at Chor Bazar, gold and diamond jewellery
at Jhaveri Bazar, high fashion at Kemps Corner, Bhulabhai Desai
Road and the airconditioned shopping plaza at The Oberoi.
to India & capital of Maharashtra, Mumbai was once a cluster
of seven islands called Heptanasia by Plotemy in AD 150. The
word Mumbai (locally called) however, is derived from Mumba
Devi or Maha Amba Aai, the patron goddess of the kolis or
fisherfolk, who have been its original inhabitants.
(4.5 kms), Chowpatty Beach (4 kms), Gateway Of India (2.4
kms), Haji Ali Tomb (2.4 kms), Headquarters of Western Railway,
High Court, Hutatma Chowk or Flora Fountain, (1 km), Kamala
Nehru Park (5.6kms), Crawford Market (2 kms), Malabar Hill
(5.6 kms), Mahalakshimi (7.2 kms), Municipal Corporation Building
(12 kms), Marine Drive, Hanging Garden (6 kms), Race Course
(7 kms), Rajabai Towers & Mumbai University (1 km), Raudat
Tehra Mosque & Mausoleum (3 kms), Town Hall (2 kms), Victoria
Terminus (1 km), Weaver's Service Centre (2.4 kms), Nehru
Planetarium [Daily show except Mondays at 3 p.m & 6 p.m
(Eng) 4.30 p.m (Hindi), Saturdays & Sundays 3 p.m &
6.30 p.m (Eng), 4.30 p.m (Hindi) 1.30 p.m (Marathi), Charges
Rs.10 (adult), Rs.4.50 (child), Tel: 4920510; Taraporewala
Acquarium (3.2 kms), Timing: 1100-2000 hrs except Mondays.
Fees Rs.2.50 (adult), Rs.1.00 (child); Jijamata Udyan Tel:
(Gandhi Memorial) Tel : 3677864, 3.6 kms.
It houses a pictirial gallery and a library of books by and
on Mahatma Gandhi.
Timings: 0930-1800 hrs. Entry Fee: Rs.3.50.
Centre Tel: 4932667, 8 kms.
The museum has permanent gallery called light and sight and
a children's science park. There are also antique exhibits
like railway engine, tramcar, supersonic aeroplane & steam
lorry. Timings: 1200-1900 hrs. (Except Mondays)
Prince Of Wales
Museum Tel: 24484/4519, 2 kms.
It is famous for its collection of miniature paintings.Timings:
1015-1800 hrs. (Except Mondays). Entry Fee: Rs.4 (Free on
Dr. Bhau Daji
Lad Museum. Tel: 3077121, 5.6 kms.
Timmings (Except Wed.): Mon. to Sat. 1030-1730 hrs, 0830-1645
hrs on Sundays.
Entry Fee: Re.0.50 (Adult); Re.0.25 (Child).
Colony (35 kms), Timing: 0900-1200 hrs; Ambarnath (74 kms);
Bassein Fort (77 kms); Elephanta Caves (9 kms); Gorai Beach
(59 kms); Juhu Beach (21 kms); Kanheri Caves (42 kms); Ghodbunder
(43.2 kms); Karla Caves (100 km); Karnala Bird Sanctuary (61
kms), Madh, Marve & Manori Beaches (45, 38.4 & 40
kms respectively); Powai Lake (26.6 kms); Vihar Lake (28.6
kms); Tansa Lake (10.3 kms)); Tulsi Lake (32 kms); Uran Sea
Side Resort (74 kms); Vaitarna Dam (122 kms); Vajreshwari
(88 kms); Versova Beach (29 kms); National Park & Lion
Safari Park (35 kms), Vehicle charges per trip Rs.15 (Adult),
: Sea level.
Temperature (deg C): Summer- Max 33.3, Min
22.7; Winter- Max 29.5, Min- 19.4.
Rainfall : 212 cms (June to September).
Season : Throughout the year.
Sahyadri hills near the west coast of India, Pune is a fascinating
city with a healthy climate all year around. Known until not
so long ago as Poona, the city was the capital of the powerful
Maratha empire and is closely associated with the great warrior
king Shivaji. Today, Pune is distinctly divided into the spacious
cantonment and the crowded old city, where locali-ties have
been named after days in the week.
Saras Baug, Parvati Hill, Raja Kelkar Museum, Shinde's Chhatri,
Bund Garden, Kasturba Smarak (Inside Agha Khan Palace) etc.
Dehu-29 kms, Karla-55 kms, Purandhar-40 kms, Sinhagad-25 kms,
Panchgani-98 kms, Mahabaleshwar-120 kms, Shivneri Fort-94
kms, Bhima Shankar- 95 kms, Ashtavinayak Temples at Theur-20
kms, Ranjangaon-50 km, Morgaon-65 km, Madh-75 kms, Ojhar-75
kms, Pali-80 kms, Lenyadri-90 kms & Siddhatek-95 kms,
Lonavala-64 kms, Bhatghar Dam-52 kms.
Temperature (deg C): Summer- Max 40, Min
26; Winter- Max 29, Min 19.
Rainfall: 70 cms(June to September).
Season: Throughout the year.
- AJANTA & ELLORA
400 km from Mumbai, is linked by Indian Airlines flights.
Spectacular rock cut caves and cave paintings exist at two
nearby places, Ajanta and Ellora. The most notable feature
of these cave temples is that entire hillsides were cut away
with the artisans chisel to produce some of the worlds
most exquisite sculpture. Elloras 34 caves are over
10 centuries old and represent elaborate sculptures of Hindu,
Buddhist and Jain faiths. The caves at Ajanta date back to
the 5th century and contain paintings and sculptures of major
events in the life of the Buddha.
is a convinent base for organising visits to the famous rock-cut
temples of Ajanta & Ellora. The town is named after Aurangzeb,
the last of the six great Mughal Emperors, who built a mausoleum
here for his wife.
Caves, State Archaeological Museum, Nehru Udyan,
of Marathwada University, Bibi ka Maqbara, Panchakki, Siddharth
Fort (13 kms), Khuldabad (26 kms), Grishneshwar Temple (30
kms), Paithan (56 kms), Shirdi (136 kms), Pithalkhora Caves
(78 kms), Aundha Nagnath (203 kms), Ajanta (106 kms), Ellora
Temperature (deg C): Summer- Max 39, Min
21.5; Winter- Max 31.3, Min 10.
Rainfall: 557 mms.
Best Season: Throughout the year.
STD Code : 02432 (0240 ?).
thirty rock-hewn caves at ajanta which are cut into the scrap
of a cliff are Chaityas (Chapels) & Viharas (Monastries).
Most of these are carved so that a flood of natural light
pours into them at any given time of the day. Both the facade
& the inside of the chambers faithfully reproduce the
structural patterns known to those ancient builders. On the
walls are paintings, many still glowing with their original
colours. The outer walls are covered with brilliantly executed
sculpture. The caves are not numbered in chronological order.
Cave nos. 9,10, 12, 13 are the earliest belonging to Hinayana
sect of Buddhism. Cave no 1 to 8, 11 and 14 to 30 are of Mahayana
sect among these Mahayana Caves nos. 19, 26 & 30 are the
Chaityas and rest of them are Viharas. The most notable of
all these caves are 1,2,9,10,16,17,19 and 26, here ancient
Indian art attained the zenith of its development and revealed
a dynamic rhythm of life.
There are 24
caves at Ellora, carved between 7th & 11th century AD.
These cave temples represent 3 religious faiths. Carved in
sickle shaped hill, spread North to South in a area of 3 kms,
they were dug into the slope of a hill. Of these 12 are Buddhists,
17 are Hindus and 5 are Jains. The most remarkable of the
carved shrines at Ellora is the Kailasa Temple. It is 50 metres
in length, 33 metres wide & 30 metres high. The fantastic
edifice has been chiselled out by hand from single rock with
and Tower-hall those out of the same enormous rock.
from Archaelogical Survey of India needed for use of Tripod
& Artificial lights to take photographs of Archaelogical
monuments.However video shooting from the exterior of the
monuments is permitted by paying a nominal fee.